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贵州省成人高等教育学士学位英语课程高考试卷.doc

贵州省成人高等教育学士学位英语课程高考试卷.doc

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贵州省成人高等教育学士学位英语课程考试试题.doc

贵州省成人高等教育学士学位课程高考(英 语)A卷Part I Reading Comprension (40 Points) Directions: There are four passages in this part.Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinisbed statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A,B,C,and D,You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.(划线部分为第四部分的翻译题。)Passage 1Questions l to 5 are based on the following passage:In the 1920s,scientists found a collection of bones near beijing,China.They believed that the bones were human and that they were about 500,000 years old.They also believed the bones were important because they were from alittle-known stage in the evolution of human beings.The bones were in Beijing until 1941.Then,because the Japanese army was advancing towards the city,the scientists decided to send the bones to the United States for safety.Since then nobody heard anything about them at all.Dr.Harry L.Shapiro,Professor of Anthropology at Columbia University,has been searching for them ever since.He beoieves that they were stolen by the American army whose job was to take them to the U.S.A.He could be right.After the war,a Chicago businessman offered $5,000 to anybody with information about the bones.A woman phoned him and told him she knew where the bones were.He arranged to meet her on the 102nd floor of the Empire State Building in New York.They met and she told him that her husband had come home from Chind with fossils of a prehistoric man.She showed him a photograph of them.Then she walked away and was never heard from again.A few years later,however,a Sydney businessman reported that he had the bones and that he had buried them in a forest in Tasmania.He offered to say where for a large sum of money.Then he,too,was never heard from again.Someone,somewhere,has these bones,but nobody seems to know who or where.1、How old were the bones thought to be ?A.Five thousand years old.B.Fifty thousand years old.C.About half a million years old.D.A million years old.2、Why were the bones sent to the U.S.A.?A.Because Americans liked collecting old things.B.Because the bones might fall into the hands of Japanese invaders.C.Becaise they could be sold for a olt of money.D.Because the Chinese didn’t need them.3、What happened to the woman aner she made contact with the Chicago businessman?A.She made friendS W“h him.B.Shegot a large samof money fromC.She was involved in an accident.D.She completely disappeared.What happened a few years later?A.ASydney businessman Offered a large amount lof money to buy the bones.B.Nobody heard anythingmoreabout the bones.C.ASydney businessman found the bones in a forest in TasmaniaD.AnAustraHanSaid the boneswere buried in Tasmania.Wecan infer from thepassage that.A.the woman was sure to know Where the bones wereB.the bones have not been returnedto ChinaC.the bones musthave been in theAustraUanhandSD.the Sydney businessman must haveto1d a hePassage2Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:Large animals that inhabit the desert have evolved a number of adaptations for reducing the effects of extreme heat.One adaptation is to be light in color,and to reflect rather than absorb the sun’s ray. Desert mammals also adapt from the normal mammalian practice of maintaining a comstant body temperature.Instead of trying to keep down the body temperature deep inside the body,which would involve the expenditure of water and enetgy,desert mammals allow their temperature to rise to what would normally be fever height,and temperature to rise to what would normally be fever height,and temperature as high as 46 degrees Celsius has been measured in Grant’s gazelles.The overheated body then cools down during the cold desert night,indeed the temperature may fall unusually low by dawn, as low as 34 degrees Celsius in the camel.This is an advantage since the heat of the first hours of daylight is absorbed in warming up the body,and an excessive buildup of heat does not begin until well into the day.Another strategy of large desert animals is to tolerate the olss of body water to a point that would be fatal for non-adapted animals.The camel can lose up to 30 percent of its body weight as water without harm to itself,whereas human beings die after olsing only 12 to 13 percent of their body weight.An equally important adaptatiom is the ability to replenish (补充)this water loss at one drink.Desert animals can drink prodigious (庞大的)volumes in a short time,and camels have been known to imbibe over 100liters in a few minutes.A very dehydrated(脱水的)person,on the other hand,can’t drink enough water to dehydrate at one drink,because the human stomach is not sufficiently big and because a too rapid dilution of the body fluids causes death from water intoxication.The tolerance of water loss is of obvious advantage in the desert,as animals do not have to remain near a water hole but can obain food from pastures far away to feed when extremely dehydrated.6、which is the main topic of this passage?A.Weather variation in desert.B.Adaptations of desert animals.C.Disease of desert animals.D.Human use of desert animals.7、According to the passage,why is light coloring an advantage to large desert animals?A.It helps them hide from predators.B.It does not absorb sunlight as much as dark colors.C.It helps them see their young at night.D.It keeps them cool at night.8、The author uses Grant’s gazelle as an example of .A.an animal with a low temperatureB.an animal that is mot as well adapted as the camelC.a desert animal that can withstand body temperatureD.a desert animal with a constant body temperature9、When is the internal temperature of a large desert animal lowest? A.Just before sunrise.B.In the middle of the day. C.Just after sunset.D.Just after drinking.10、What causes water intoxication?A.Drinking polluted water.B.Bacteria in water.C.lack of water.D.Drinking too much water very quickly.Passage3Questions ll to 15 are based on the following passage:Today I’ll be talking about the invention of the camera and photography.The camera is often thought to be a modern invention,but as early as 1727,a German physicisy discovered that light darkens silver salt.Used as a camera,a big box was set up, and a small hole was cot in one side to let the light in;he made temporary pictures on the salt. Silver salt is still the base of the photographic fim today.Then a French scientist made the first permanent picture by using a special piece of metal which was covered with silver salt.A photograph he made in 1829 still exists.The painter De Gear improved the process by covering the metal also with placing the common salt which we can eat.This was in 1839,the oficial date of beginning of photographs. But the problem was the official date of beginning of photographs.But the problem was the printing of the photographs.And it wasn’t until other scientists developed the kind of photographic paper we now use that good prints were possible and photography became truly truly modern.Inthe 1870’s,Matthew Bradey was able to take his famous pictures in American Civil.In the 20’s of the twentieth century,Georges Mann of the United States simplified film developing,and Dr.Edward lane invented the so-called“Instant Camera”which uses self-developing film.If we say photography came into existence,in 1839,it follows that it took more than 100 years for the camera to reach its present condition of tehnical refinement.11、What discovery was the basis of photography?A.Light darkens silver salt.B.Light darkens natural salt.C.Light darkens silver.D.Light darkens self-developing film.12、How was the first permanent picture made?A.By making use of special paper.B.By adding common salt to silver salt.C.By giving a slight colour to the silver salt.D.By using a special piece of metal.13、What does the speaker regard as the official date of beginning of photography?A.1727.B.1826.C.1839.D.1870.14、According to the speaker why is Matthew Bradey remembered today?A.He was a soldier.B.He took war photographs.C.He painted portraits.D.He designed portable camera.15、What did Doctor Edward Lane invent?A.A cheap process of developing film at home.B.A new kind of film.C.An automatic printer.D.An “instant camera”that develops its own film.Passage4Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage: Driving a car at high speed along a highway seems to be fun. You need only to follow the bright traffic signs the highways and it will take you to where you wish.But to a london taxi driver,driving is not an easy job.A taxi drivre has to have not only good driving shills but also a good knowledge of the city of london, from the smallest lane to the most popular bar around .He has to be at the service of all kinds of passengers at all times.A certain London taxi driver told of hes job as follows.During the night it is quite usual for him to stop two or three times for some refreshments .He said.“I never drink when I’m working-I would lose my license.”He normally goes home between 2 and 3 o’clock in the night.There are times he has to stay longer and try to make more runs.He said,“That’s the worst thing about working for yourself.If you don’t make the money,no one is going to give it to you.”London taxi drivers not only “take”but also “give”.Every summer hundreds of children from london will go for a day at the sea-by taxi! Their rides are paid by the taxi drivers,and these fares all go to the “London Taxi Fund for Underprivileged Children”.At the sea, they are met by the mayor,and a lunch party is also held in honour of the taxi drivers and the children.After a happy day running around the sea beaches and vusiting the market, the children go home again-by taxi,and free of charge,of course!16、To be a London driver is not easy because.A.he hae to follow the bright traffic signsB.he hae to have good driving skills and know all the places in the cityC.he has to serve all kinds of passengers at alltimesD.both B and C17、The London taxi drivers.A.work hard because no one would give them money for doing nothing B.never stop driving in the city C.only work between 2 and 3 o’clock in the nightD.are very rich18、The author of the passage says that.A.the taxi driver works longer than is necssaryB.the more runs the taxi driver makes,the more bh getsC.the taxi driver doesn’t like to work for others D. the taxi drivers in the city not only take money but also give money 19、London taxi drivers ususlly.A.take money because they have to pay for the children’s rideB.go to the sea for a day in the summerC.pay the fares for the children to the sea for a day once every year D.raise money for the “London Taxi Fund for Underprivileged Children”20、The italicized words Underprivileged Children mean children .A.from low income familiesB.who like to ravel by taxiC.who wish to go to sea but have no money D.from LondonPart II Vocabulary and Structure (20 points)Directions:There are twenty sentences in this part .Beneath each sentence there are four words of phrases marked A,B,C,and D.Choose one word or phrase that correctly completes the sentence.Mark your andwers on your Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.21、I’ve never been to Dalian,but that’s the city.A.I’d most like to visitB.which I like to visit mostlyC.where I like to visitD.I’d like much to visit22、As a developing country,China must keepwith the rapid development of the world economy.A.runningB.paceC.waliingD.speed23、The host team beat the guest team by 6 goals3.A.inB.overC.toD.against24、If you have really been studying English for so long,it’s about time youable to send email in English.A.should beB.wereC.must beD.are 25、The story says that in the end the grown-up boy took revengeThe man who had murdered his father.A.againstB.forC.toD.on 26、I never dream offor me to be sent abroad for rurther study.A.there to be a chanceB.there be a chanceC.being a chanceD.there being a chance27、It seems to me that you are running a serious riskdoing a thing like that.A.ofB.atC.forD.on28、The man feltand uncomfortable when he could not answer my questions.A.would youB.can youC.you wouldD.you can 29、Onl when you have obtained enough evidencecome to a sound couclusion.A.would youB.can youC.you wouldD.you can30、The housing commmittee has decided to giveto those graduates with advanced degrees.A.should put offB.be put off C.was put offD.is to put off31、Ito buy a house of my own, but I never saved enough money.A.hopeB.had hopedC.hopedD.are hoping 32、We are for your proposal that the discussion.A.should put offB.be put off C.was put offD.is to put off33、“My watch is going fast.”“It probably needs.”A.to be repairedB.repairC.being repairedD.repaired34、in China,in order to get into a famous university many students take supplementary classes in Japan.A.Now thatB.If onlyC.WhenD.Just as 35、has been said this material expands a great deal with the increase of temperature.A.ItB.ThatC.AsD.What36、An associate professor isin position to a professor.A.influenceB.infinite C.inferior D.inference37、Teaching mustthe curiosity and creativity of children.A.seekB.stimulate C.shapeD.secure38、She’s not pretty,,but she is very intelligent.A.beingsureB.to be sure C.be sureD.surely39、Scientists say it may be five or ten yearsit is possible to use cloning technology on humans.A.beforeB.sinceC.afterD.when40、It rained three days on end ,so the river hastwo feet.A.raisedB.risenC.arousedD.arisenPart III Cloze(10 Points)Directions:There are 10 blanks in the following passage.For each blank there are four choices marked A,B,C,and D.You should choose the one that best fits into the passage Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.Do you forget to rurn off the lights and heaters when you go out of the room? In 2040 it will not matter.They will rurn themselves off-and on again when you return.A sensor will 41 the presence of a human and turn the systems on ,and when the humans leave it will turn them off again.The sensors will work 42 the central home computer,and they will do much more than just turn the fires and lights on and off for you.They will detect faulty electrical appliances,plugs or switches, 43 them so that they cannot ahrm anyone and then warn you that they need 44 .They will detect fire and if you are out of the house ,the computer will call the fire brigade.It will also call the police if the sensors detect an intruder.This will not be too difficult 45 the locke on the outside doors will be electronic.You will open them using your 46 card-the one you use for shopping-maybe using a number known only to you.The computer will be 47 than a fireman-policeman-servant.It will be an entertainer,and most of your entertainment will come 48 into your home.It does now ,but by 2040“entertainment”will 49 Much more .For one thing,you will be able to take part acively, 50 just watching.41.A.evaluate B.exposeC.detectD.uncover42.A.duringB.withinC.throughD.between43.AdepartB.isolateC.divideD.break44.A.mendB.reference C.separation D.repairing45.A.unlessB.ifC.whenD.because46.A.personal B.personnel C.particular D.because47.A.moreB.muchC.manyD.fewer48.A.onlyB.rightC.correctly D.fast49.AintendB.understand C.meanD.program50.A.rather thanB.other than C.more thanD.thanPart N Translation(15 Points)Directions:In this part,there are five items which you should translate into Chinese,each item consisting of one or two sentences.These sentences are all underlined and taken from ghe reading passages you have just read in Part I of Test Paper One.You can refer back to the passages so as to identify gheir meanings in the context.(请让翻译写在答题卡指定位置)。

51.(Para.3,Passage 1)’t until other scientists developed the kind of photographic paper we now use that good prints were possible and photography became truly modern.55.(Para.2,Passage 4)A taxi driver has to have not only good driving skills but also a good knowledge of the city of London,from the smallest lane to the most popular bar around .He has to be at the service of all kinds of passengers at all times.Part V Writing(15 Points)Directions:You are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition about 120 words entitled How to Borrow a Book from the Library in three paragraphs.Your composition should cover the following points:1.Go to the author catalogue if you know about the author’s name and the title of the book.2.Check to see if the library has a title catalogue if you only know the title of the book.贵州省成人高等教育本科毕业生申请学士学位英语课程高考学习与辅导(非英语专业)Part I Reading ComprehensionDirections:There are thiry passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A,B,C,and D,You should decide on the best choice of them.Mark your answers on your Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.Passage 1The U.S.Department of Labor statistics indicates that there is an oversupply of college-trained workers and that this oversupply is increasing.Already there is an overabundance of teachers,engineers,physicists and other specialists.Yet colleges and graduate schers continue every year to turn our highly trained people to compete for jobs that aren’t there.(1)The result is that the graduates cannot enter the professions for which they are trained and must take temporary jobs,which do not require a college degree.These“temporary”jobs have a habit of becoming permanent.On the other hand,three is a tremendous need for skilled workers of all sorts:carpenters,electricians,mechanics,and TV repairmen. (2)These people have more work than they can handle and their annual incomes are often higher than those of college graduates.The old distinction that white-collar workers make a better living than blue-collar workers longer holds true.The reason for this situation is the traditional myth that a college degree is a passport to bright future.Parents begin telling their children this myth before they are out of school.Under this pressure the kids fall in line .Whether they want to go to college or not doesn’t matter.Evverbody should go tl college.One result of this emphasis on a collete education is that many people go to college who do not belong there.Of the sixty percent of high school graduates who enter collete,half of them do not graduate with their class.Many of them drop out within the first year.Some struggle on for two or three years and then givp up.1.The U.S.Department of Labor statistics shows that. A.many college graduates find it increasingly hard to get suitable jobs B.there is an oversupply of workers and this oversupply is recently increasing C.teachers,engineers,physicists and other specialists are extremely needed2.What does the author mean by sayin,“These ‘temporary’jobs have a habit of becoming permanent”? A.Once college graduates take a temporary job,they soon ge

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